Perennials


There are many devices that can emphasize the decorative effect of climbing plants. The arch at the beginning of the garden, entwined with flowering lashes, is perceived as an entrance to paradise. Arbors and trellises entwined with dense foliage and fragrant flowers look mysterious and very beautiful.


Ground cover perennials: flowering, frost-resistant, shade-tolerant - photo with names

Creeping or ground cover perennials are species or varieties of low ornamental plants that grow densely, creating a compact and durable (perennial) soil cover. Perennial creeping plants have the ability to quickly spread through rhizomes or shoots, shoots are easily rooted. This article presents the most popular ground cover perennials - a photo with a name, description, cultivation features.

  1. Types of creeping plants
  2. Functions of ground cover plants
  3. Plants for shade and sun
  4. With different strengths of growth
  5. Description of the main types of ground cover
  6. Canadian anemone
  7. Armeria seaside
  8. Badan hearty
  9. Periwinkle
  10. Fortune's eonymus
  11. Brunner large-leaved
  12. Ivy budra
  13. Waldsteinium trifoliate
  14. Loaf of coins
  15. Pinnate carnation
  16. Geranium large-rhizome (crane)
  17. Geranium cambridge
  18. Horny girl (epimedium)
  19. Derain (dogwood) canadian
  20. Tenacious creeping
  21. Horizontal cotoneaster
  22. Carpathian bell
  23. European hoof
  24. Indian cinquefoil
  25. Michenia nettle
  26. Juniper
  27. Bryozoan subulate
  28. Aubrieta cultural
  29. Sedum white
  30. Sedum caustic
  31. Japanese pachisandra
  32. Ivy
  33. Caucasian rezuha
  34. Runny ordinary
  35. Creeping thyme
  36. Fragrant violet
  37. Phlox Covilla
  38. Phlox subulate
  39. Byzantine chastetz
  40. Speckled lamb
  41. Felt splinter
  42. Planting and leaving
  43. Soil preparation
  44. Landing different types
  45. Care, fertilization
  46. Transfer

The most popular perennials blooming in spring

Primroses become the first spring decoration of the garden, delight the eye and indicate the onset of spring, the earliest primroses are snowdrops, crocuses, then lilies of the valley appear. When spring fully comes into its own, the flower beds are covered with greenery and the following popular spring flowers bloom:

  • daffodils
  • tulips
  • muscari
  • spring man
  • Pushkinia
  • periwinkle
  • scrub
  • lily of the valley
  • bought
  • brunner
  • the dicenter.

Crocuses

Crocuses are perennial flowers that usually stay in one place for several seasons, after flowering it is difficult to find tubers on the lawn. Therefore, it will not be possible to dig and plant them in the fall. To ensure good growth and development, crocuses are fertilized in spring. With proper care, the plants grow well, after 3-4 years they form large clusters of flowers. Then it is worth separating them, transplanting them to another place.

Daffodils

Narcissus is one of the easiest spring perennial flowers to grow, blooming from March to May. Reaches a height of 10-60 centimeters. The flower consists of 6 petals (yellow, white) and a tube (white, yellow, orange, pink, red).

Daffodils in the open field are quite winter-hardy, frost-hardy, undemanding. They love sunny positions, but they can be planted under bushes and trees. They love good, permeable soil. Bloom, depending on the variety, from March to June. Many of the wild species planted in rocky gardens, rockeries, are sensitive to low temperatures and require protection for the winter.

Periwinkle

A perennial shrub that occurs naturally in Europe and Western Asia, in deciduous forests and undergrowth. Prized for its shiny, leathery, elliptical leaves and blue, five-petalled flowers. Periwinkle needs fertile soil.

The periwinkle varieties are characterized by an unusual color of leaves and flowers:

  • Variegata can be recognized by its broad foliage
  • La Grave has lavender flowers
  • Bowles White - white flowers.

Tulip

Tulip is a bulbous perennial plant that includes about 120,000 species and about 8,000 varieties. The stem is hard, straight, smooth or pubescent. In some species and varieties, the branches branch at the end, the plant forms several flowers.

The leaves are broad, ovoid, elliptical, usually gray-green, covered with a waxy coating. The leaves grow mainly from the bulb, in some species they alternate. The underground part of the tulip is a one-year-old, ovoid bulb.

The inflorescence consists of 3 inner and 3 upper perianth petals. At the base, the petals are colored differently, sometimes their edges and outside are different. Flowers can be single or full.

For growing tulips, a soil that is permeable, rich in nutrients, should not be too acidic, too moist. In gardens, tulips reproduce vegetatively, by bulbs.

Lilies of the valley

The flower belongs to the Liliaceae family. The perennial plant forms rhizomes that reproduce themselves underground. Leaves are lanceolate-ovate. In the spring, in the third year of cultivation, lily of the valley blooms.

Inflorescences up to 20 cm high. Flowers are small, usually white, bell-shaped, fragrant. Requires humus, permeable, moist soils. Under natural conditions, it grows on slightly acidic soils, varietal lilies of the valley require a substrate with a pH of 7.0-7.1.

Attention! The plant is poisonous, not recommended for gardens where small children play.

October is the perfect time to plant lily of the valley. A shade or semi-shaded position is best for them. The places under the tree crowns will eventually be covered with lilies of the valley, but there will be fewer flowers in the shade. Lily of the valley propagates by dividing rhizomes. Plants are planted at a distance of about 25 cm from each other, at a depth of about 10 cm.

Kupena

Perennial plant Polygonatum - bell-shaped flowers appear in the lower part of the gently curved stems in late spring, sometimes fragrant, hanging. The plant grows with rhizomes. The soil must be moist. The most common hybrid variety or large-sized version (P. multiflorum) is grown in the gardens, 1 m high and 30 cm wide.

Snowdrop

The Latin name Galanthus nivalis comes from the words gala - milk and anthus - flower. Snowdrops are the earliest perennial flowering bulbous plants, flowers often growing from under the snow. Bloom from February to April.

The flowers are fragrant and have a characteristic structure. The petals react to temperature changes - they close at night and in adverse weather conditions. Snowdrops grow wild and are grown as ornamental plants. They are planted in gardens under the crowns of trees and shrubs, creating dense and extensive floral carpets.

Remember! All parts of the snowdrops are slightly poisonous.

Snowdrop loves fertile, moist and very moist brown soil. The preferred position should be semi-shaded and cool. Propagated by division, seeds. In September, the bulbs are planted at a distance of several centimeters. Plants are completely frost-hardy.


Autumn flowers

The most beautifully flowering plants are autumn, bush plants, allowing you to turn the dacha into a real kingdom of flora. They are dominated by moisture-loving, frost-resistant varieties that are not afraid of a sharp change in weather.

  • Mallows. They are especially loved by residents of the southern regions; due to their height, they are often planted in front gardens under windows. The color of mallow petals is quite varied - from juicy raspberry to snow-white.

  • Phlox. Unpretentious autumn flowers are rightfully considered to be a true decoration of a flower bed. They build up lush greenery until mid-summer. Then flowering begins, lasting until mid-October.

Phloxes are very diverse in color, you can find suitable varieties for a classic flower bed or planting in an alpine slide.

  • Asters. Perennial species of this plant traditionally become the main suppliers of flowers for cut into bouquets. Lush "stars" with double petals are presented in all variety of colors - from snow-white to deep purple. Bush forms provide easy formation of borders, flower beds, fit well into group plantings.

  • Chrysanthemums. They are also considered more likely to be autumn flowers, although this perennial feels great in flower beds in summer. Gorgeous terry hats on sturdy stems come in a variety of shades. Chrysanthemums fit perfectly into the aesthetics of Japanese gardens; when cut into bouquets, they last up to several weeks.

Autumn perennials are especially varied and decorative. By correctly positioning and planning their planting, you can easily provide a summer cottage with lush decoration throughout the season, until the very cold weather. The flowers chosen for fall work well for cutting into bouquets.


4. Valerian red (kentrantus) - a rare guest in flower beds

Valerian red is not so common in the areas. But those summer residents who planted a plant in their own place note that it blooms beautifully and winters well in the middle lane. Bright "panicles" are pleasing to the eye from June to August. Bushes can grow up to 90 cm in height. They bloom especially luxuriantly in a sunny place on fertile, well-moisturized soil. Every 3-4 years, it is advisable to renew the valerian by dividing.


General rules for growing perennials

When planting perennials in flower beds or in a garden, flower growers are advised to adhere to several simple recommendations:

  • The planting site should be sunny, most perennials do not like drafts, so you need to think not only about their decorative effect, but also about the comfort for flowers.
  • If a novice gardener wants to form fancy flower beds with perennials in the summer, then it is better to start with the simplest.
  • Do not oversaturate the flower beds with perennials of more than 3-4 shades.
  • When planting plants in the country, take into account their height. Low-growing ones can border a flower bed, medium-sized perennials will look good in the middle of a flower bed or garden. Ornamental shrubs or tall plants would be nice to plant in the center of the composition.
  • Pick up perennials with approximately the same flowering period. Otherwise, the composition may be unsuccessful.
  • Each type of perennial has its own requirements for the soil, but their general needs can also be distinguished: the soil must be nutritious, it is not desirable that the groundwater is too close to the surface.
  • Young plants (especially creeping ones), whatever their size, should not be planted too close to each other. They grow quickly enough. Lack of space can cause problems in the development of a healthy plant.


Perennial cultivation methods

There are two types of flowering perennials:

  1. Those that spend the cold period in the soil, for example, Delphinium.The upper part is cut off (for grassy ones), bushes or whips are carefully laid on the ground. Then they cover it with something insulating: pine spruce branches or covering material. Under the branches, if they are left, it is better to put something, for example, plywood, or sprinkle with sawdust. This is necessary so that the perennial plant does not rot under cover.
  2. Perennial plants with roots, tubers or bulbs are dug up, dried, separated and stored. An example of such a plant is Lily, which belongs to the species of bulbous flowering perennials.

The main care of a flower bed of perennial plants consists in the usual garden activities: watering, feeding (mandatory for flowering), weeding. Depending on the type and variety, other methods of care may be added, for example, the formation of a bush, etc.

Tubers and bulbs of flowering perennial plants should be stored in favorable conditions. A vegetable storage cellar is perfect for this. The main thing is to avoid high humidity and very low temperatures.

Choosing perennial plants blooming all summer long for your site is a sheer pleasure for a flower lover. Eyes run up from their diversity, their undoubted merits delight. Imagination is already drawing your beautiful blooming corner.


Watch the video: 20 Easy to Grow Zone 3 Perennials


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